The changes to the Russian Criminal Code started to operate that are aimed to humanize the criminal law8 December 2011
On December 8, 2011, the changes to the Russian Criminal Code started to operate that are aimed, in general, to humanize the criminal law.
The changes are also related to the sanctions of articles 146 (Infringement of copyright and neighboring rights), 147 (Infringement of inventive and patent rights) and 180 (Illegal use of trademark) of the Criminal Code, in which the criminal responsibility is fixed for infringement of intellectual property rights. In particular, it was increased a threshold for the damage, upon excess of which it may be incurred criminal responsibility for infringement of the copyright and illegal use of trademark, and as a punishment, alternative to deprivation of liberty, it is imposed a fine and forced labour.
New article 76.1 provides for exemption from criminal responsibility of a person who for the first time had committed the crime, as provided for first and second paragraphs of article 180 of the Criminal Code, if the person fully reimbursed damage and transferred to the federal budget monetary damages in the